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木瓜種植對荷蘭種植者似乎很有希望

 

中興大學 生物系統工程研究室 陳加忠

 
 

荷蘭溫室園藝企業家的溫室中哪種熱帶水果很有前途?有了這個問題,瓦赫寧根大學及研究部溫室園藝和花卉業務部門開始了對酪梨,木瓜和芒果栽培的研究。在這三種農作物中,木瓜短期內潛力最大。由於這項研究,荷蘭的一位種植者現已開始將木瓜商業化種植。

為了進行研究,在Bleiswjjk的研究地點種植了三種作物的不同品種。研究了熱帶水果種植的各個方面,條件例如光,水和授粉。研究表明,木瓜提供了健康商業模式的最佳機會。

溫室

木瓜是所謂的瓜樹的果實。果實直接在葉子下的樹幹上生長。為了獲得良好的收成,必須及時摘下葉子,以便正確地長成果實。瓜樹有三種可能的性別:雄性,雌性和雌雄同體。為了種植木瓜,需要有雌雄同體的植物,而其具有所需的細長的水果形狀。這代表著必須由專門的公司對幼苗進行性別鑑定。

木瓜生長結果有一定程度上得益於這項研究,木瓜現已在荷蘭溫室中的4公頃土地上種植。那是在布雷斯韋克學習後僅幾年的時間。它之所以能夠如此之快的事實,也歸因於來自市場的質疑。買家定期詢問熱帶水果種植者是否也可以在荷蘭種植熱帶水果。例如木瓜主要來自南美。此外這種水果原來是在西班牙的塑料溫室中種植的。

https://agfstorage.blob.core.windows.net/misc/HD_com/2021/01/05/papaya.jpg

 

Papaya cultivation appears to be promising for Dutch growers

Which tropical fruit is promising in the greenhouses of Dutch greenhouse horticulture entrepreneurs? With this question, the Business Unit Greenhouse Horticulture and Flower Bulbs of Wageningen University & Research started a research into the cultivation of avocado, papaya and mango. Of those three crops, the papaya turned out to have the most potential in the short term. Thanks to this research, a Dutch grower has now started the commercial cultivation of papaya.

For the research, different cultivars of the three crops were planted in the research location in Bleiswijk. Various aspects of the cultivation of the tropical fruit were investigated, such as light, water and pollination. The research showed that papaya offered the best chance of a healthy business model.

Greenhouses 

A papaya is the fruit of a so-called melon tree. The fruit grows directly on the trunk, under a leaf. For a good harvest, the leaves must be removed in time in order to grow fruit properly. A melon tree has three possible genders: male, female and hermaphrodite. For the cultivation of the papaya, the hermaphrodite is needed, which gives the desired elongated fruit shape. This means that seedlings must be sexed by a specialized company.

Partly thanks to this research, papaya is now being grown on four hectares in a Dutch greenhouse. That is only a few years after the study in Bleiswijk. The fact that it can go so fast is also due to questions from the market. Growers of tropical fruit were regularly asked by buyers whether tropical fruit can also be grown in the Netherlands. For example, papaya mainly comes from South America. In addition, the fruit is grown in Spanish plastic greenhouses.

For more information:
WUR
www.wur.nl.

 

https://agfstorage.blob.core.windows.net/misc/HD_com/2021/01/05/papaya.jpg